International Principles of Virtual Archaeology. The Seville Principles
Today, the worldwide application of computer-based visualization in the field of archaeological heritage may be described as full of ups and downs.The spectacular growth of cultural tourism and the amazing technological advances in recent years have led to the development and implementation of a myriad of projects to investigate, preserve, interpret and present various elements of archaeological heritage using computer-based visualisation. These projects have demonstrated not only the extraordinary potential of computer-based visualisation but also its many weaknesses and inconsistencies. Therefore, there is a clear need for a theoretical debate with practical implications to enable heritage managers use the best that new technology can offer them in this area while minimizing its most controversial applications. In short, some basic principles must be established to govern practices in this growing field.
The London Charter is currently the most advanced international document in this direction. Its various updates reveal the overwhelming need to find a document with recommendations that can serve as a basis for designing new projects with greater rigour in the field of cultural heritage, but also to propose new recommendations and guidance tailored to the specific needs of each branch of learning and community of experts. For this reason, the objectives set out in The London Charter aim to “offer a robust foundation upon which communities of practice can build detailed London Charter Implementation Guidelines”. And we must not forget the immeasurable scope of the concept of Cultural Heritage, which encompasses such broad areas as monumental, ethnographic, documentary, industrial, artistic, archaeological and oral heritage.
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