International Charters



Principles for the Conservation and Restoration of Built Heritage

The Charter of Krakow 2000

The Charter of Krakow 2000. Principles for the Conservation and Restoration of Built Heritage, included for the first time, in the article 5, a specific recommendation for the use of new technologies in the field of archaeological heritage. In the aforementioned article can be read verbatim: “In the protection and public presentation of archaeological sites, the use of modern technologies, databanks, information systems and virtual presentation techniques should be promoted”. This addition, unprecedented in other previous charters, marks an important turning point in the use of information technology as a tool in the regular work of conservation and presentation of archaeological heritage, and consequently should be considered as an important milestone in the history of virtual archaeology.

ICOMOS Charter for the Interpretation and Presentation of Cultural Heritage Sites

The Ename Charter 2008

On October 4, 2008 was officially approved ICOMOS Charter for the Interpretation and Presentation of Cultural Heritage Sites, also known as Ename Charter. This Charter was the first international text ratified by ICOMOS to recognize the importance of using virtual reconstructions in the field of archaeological heritage, specifically in Article 2.4 which recommends the following: “Visual reconstructions, whether by artists, architects, or computer modelers, should be based upon detailed and systematic analysis of environmental, archaeological, architectural, and historical data, including analysis of written, oral and iconographic sources, and photography. The information sources on which such visual renderings are based should be clearly documented and alternative reconstructions based on the same evidence, when available, should be provided for comparison”.

International Charter for the computer-based visualization

of Cultural Heritage.The London Charter 2009

The London Charter for the use of 3-dimensional visualization in the research and communication of cultural heritage seeks to establish what is required for 3D visualisation to be, and to be seen to be, as intellectually rigorous and robust as any other research method.
The initiative has to be seen in the context of what has become a constant burning issue in 3D visualization applications to cultural heritage: “transparency”.
By the moment the London Charter is the most important document approved by the international community in the field of cultural heritage and new technologies, and is, therefore, a consultation document required for all researchers who in one way or another working in this field.